13,400,000,000 Year Old Photo Captured by Hubble Telescope
The effect of gravitational lensing allowed the Hubble Telescope to photograph a star that is 9 billion light years away from Earth. To date, this single object has set an observation record for the entire history..
Prior to this, the Hubble space observatory had already recorded galaxies very far from the solar system. So, in 2016, astronomers managed to get images of the galaxy Gn-Z11, the distance from which to the Earth is 13.4 billion light years, that is, it is only 400 million light years from the supposed place of the Big Bang. However, galaxies are much easier to see than single objects such as stars. Observing a star more than 100 million light years away is no longer possible. However, scientists were very lucky with a new star, which was named «Icarus» (officially named MACS J1149 LS1).
The astronomers who made the discovery say that other similar overlays «space lenses», will probably finally allow them to see the earliest stars in the universe, not just supernovae and gamma-ray bursts.
To see such a star (in astronomical science, such luminaries are called ordinary — not supernovae), scientists were allowed to shift its position in the galaxy. Then the light from «Icarus» began to pass through the vicinity of another star, a small dwarf similar to the Sun, as a result, the star’s glow increased 600 times, which made it possible to make this discovery.